今日药学

2019, v.29(11) 781-784

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危害分析与关键点控制体系在医院药品管理中的应用价值
Application Value of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Methodology in Hospital Drug Management

孙黎明;
SUN Liming;Xinxiang First People's Hospital;

摘要(Abstract):

目的探讨危害分析与关键点控制体系(HACCP)在医院药品管理中的应用价值。方法选取医院使用HACCP参与药房管理前(2017年6~11月)作为对照组,管理后(2018年6~11月)作为观察组。统计两组药房药品调剂差错数据、药房工作效率数据和药品管理数据。结果观察组药物调剂差错率、单方调剂时间、患者平均等待时间、药物损耗率和平均盘存误差率显著小于对照组(P<0.01);观察组人均单位时间调剂量、账物相符率、供应充足率明显高于对照组(P<0.01);观察组药房工作人员方面责任心、工作态度、积极性评分,环境方面卫生整洁度、药品摆放情况以及药物储存情况评分均显著高于对照组(P<0.01)。结论 HACCP用于医院药房管理可有效地提高工作效率,降低药物损耗,减少不良事件的发生。
OBJECTIVE To explore the application value of hazard analysis and critical control point( HACCP) methodology in hospital drug management. METHODS The period before the application of HACCP methodology( from June to November 2017) was taken as the control group,while the period after the application( from June to November 2018) was taken as the observation group.Data of dispensing errors,work efficiency and drug management in the pharmacy were statistically analyzed. RESULTS The rate of dispensing errors,dispensing time of single drug,average waiting time of patients,wastage rate of drugs and average error rate of inventory in observation group were significantly lower/shorter than those in control group( P<0.01). The per capita dispensing dose per unit time,coincidence rate of accounts and rate of sufficient supply in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group( P < 0. 01). Scores of responsibility,work attitude and enthusiasm of staffs in the observation group,scores of environmental hygiene,drug placement and drug storage were significantly higher than those of the control group( P<0.01). CONCLUSION The application of HACCP methodology in hospital drug management can effectively improve work efficiency,and reduce drug wastage and occurrence of adverse events.

关键词(KeyWords): 危害分析与关键点控制体系;药品管理;应用价值
HACCP;drug management;application value

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作者(Authors): 孙黎明;
SUN Liming;Xinxiang First People's Hospital;

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